Gender Innovation



Thirty years of research have revealed that sex and gender bias is socially harmful and expensive. For example, between 1997 and 2000, 10 drugs were withdrawn from the U.S. market because of life-threatening health effects. Eight of these posed "greater health risks for women than for men" (U.S. GAO, 2001). Not only does developing a drug in the current market cost billions—but when drugs failed, they caused human suffering and death.

Gender bias also leads to missed market opportunities. In engineering, for example, considering short people (many women, but also many men) “out-of-position” drivers leads to greater injury in automobile accidents (see Pregnant Crash Test Dummies). In basic research, failing to use appropriate samples of male and female cells, tissues, and animals yields faulty results (see Stem Cells). In medicine, not recognizing osteoporosis as a male disease delays diagnosis and treatment in men (see Osteoporosis Research in Men). In city planning, not collecting data on caregiving work leads to inefficient transportation systems (see Housing and Neighborhood Design). We can’t afford to get the research wrong.

It is crucially important to identify gender bias and understand how it operates in science and technology. But analysis cannot stop there: Gendered Innovations offer state-of-the-art methods of sex and gender analysis. Integrating these methods into basic and applied research produces excellence in science, health & medicine, and engineering research, policy, and practice. The methods of sex and gender analysis are one set of methods among many that a researcher will bring to a project.

Governments and universities have taken three strategic approaches to gender equality over the past several decades:

  • 1. "Fix the Numbers of Women" focuses      on increasing women's participation.
  • 2. "Fix the Institutions" promotes      gender equality in careers through structural change in research      organizations (NSF; European Commission, 2011).
  • 3. "Fix the Knowledge" or      "gendered innovations" or the "gender dimension"      stimulates excellence in science and technology by integrating sex and      gender analysis into research.

The goal of the Gendered Innovations project is to provide scientists and engineers with practical methods for sex and gender analysis. To match the global reach of science and technology, methods of sex and gender analysis were developed through international collaborations. Gendered Innovations involves experts from across the U.S. and the EU 27 Member States (see Contributors).

RT @AWildberger: It's not about shrink it and pink it!Gender in curricula and research design #SAPGERIC.
RT @Jennifer_Dahmen: We need more funded #European #gender research, not only gender researchers who are 'used' in supporting actions #Liis
RT @EU_ScienceChief: At SAPGERIC Conf promoting gender equality in research inst. I hear that gender equality is a luxury - no, it's inequa…
#SAPGERIC The President of the Republic of Lithuania Ms Dalia Grybauskaite
RT @curtrice: A wonderful video for recruiting girls to STEM!